Bangladesh came into existence in 1971 when Bengali East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan. The education sector in Bangladesh has expanded significantly during the last two decades or more. At present, there are 80 universities in Bangladesh compared to only seven in mid 1980s. The education system in Bangladesh is divided into 4 levels– Primary (from grades 1 to 5), Secondary (from grades 6 to 10), Higher Secondary (from grades 11 to 12) and tertiary.
Alongside national educating system, English medium education is also provided by some private enterprises. They offer ‘A’ level and ‘O’ level courses. There is also Madrasa system which emphasizes on Arabic medium Islam-based education. This system is supervised by the lone Madrasa Board of the country. The Bangladeshi system of education is divided into three different branches. Students are free to choose anyone of them provided that they have the means. These branches are: a) The English Medium, b) The Bengali Medium, and c) The Religious Branch.